Programs, usually offered by community adult schools or evening classes at local high schools, that provide instruction in fundamental learning skills for adults who have never attended school or have interrupted formal schooling and need to raise their level of education to increase their self-confidence and/or prepare for an occupation. Emphasis is placed on basic reading, language and mathematics.
Programs, usually within the formal education system, that provide supplementary instructional services for children who are experiencing learning difficulties and are at risk for academic failure and/or dropping out of school, often as a result of living in poverty, experiencing racism, growing up in single-parent or other nontraditional family structures, entering school with a primary language other than English or French or other social and cultural factors. Compensatory education programs target students who are performing significantly below achievement expectations in language arts, math and/or reading; and feature low teacher-student ratios, individualized instruction, cross-age tutoring and, in some areas, a wide variety of field trips and cultural experiences.
The above terms and definitions are part of the Taxonomy of Human Services, used here by permission of INFO LINE of Los Angeles.